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Land ecosystems


Despite a land mass that is 20 times smaller than that of France, New Caledonia hosts nearly as many land plant species. 3,350 indigenous vascular plant species can be counted today, of which 74% are endemic, 185 families and 740 genera. These figures place New Caledonia third in the world in terms of endemism, behind Hawaii (89%) and New Zealand (82%), and first in the world in terms of endemism relative to land area.


Source DTSI
Source DTSI
New Caledonia is one of the thirty-four hot spots for the preservation of the earth’s land biodiversity.
A symbolic species, Amborella trichopoda (endemic family of the Amborellaceae) represents the family at the evolutionary base of all of the earth’s current flowering plants.
The flora of the terrains miniers (mining grounds) is the richest and most unique among the various zones of New Caledonia, with 2,150 indigenous vascular plant species and an endemism rate of 82%.
Terrestrial fauna originally contained no mammal, the only representatives of this group being chiroptera (fruit bats and other bats) which flew in.

© Martial Dosdane -Province Sud
© Martial Dosdane -Province Sud