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The maquis scrub, a rich biodiversity


The term "maquis scrub" designates all of the plant formations somewhat arborescent not belonging to the forest and located on the ground coming from ultramafic rocks (peridotite and serpentinite), remains of obduction of the oceanic crust, rich in metals. The great majority of this scrub comes from the destruction of the forests by the repeated passage of fires.


The maquis scrub, a rich biodiversity
The maquis develop in very varied climatic conditions (from the seaside to the highest summits) and they form a large variety of appearances, forms and colours. Nearly 90 % of plant species found there are endemic, out of a total of around 1,140 species of vascular plants identified, which makes it one of the most original ecosystems on the planet! The exceptional wealth of this flora results in adaptation to very particular soils playing the role of ecological barrier as regards the species introduced which cannot grow there, to which is added varied environmental conditions.