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The term biodiversity derives from the contraction of the words biology and diversity. It thus evokes the diversity of the living world, of which man is a stakeholder. This term became known by the wider public following the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Biodiversity is not just a word, but a concept that encapsulates different facets. Three different notions can be differentiated: genetic diversity, diversity of species and diversity of ecosystems and the roles they provide. A fourth notion is now often added to these three facets, namely functional biodiversity, which represents the variety of interactions within and among these three facets.

Mots clés : English
Frédéric Dhie